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Selected Publications

If you have difficulty accessing any of the publications from the MIE research group, please contact

Krettenauer, T. & Lefebvre, P. (2021). Beyond 'personal' and 'subjective': Endorsing pro-environmental norms as moral norms. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 76, 101644.

Anderson, D.J.; Krettenauer, T (2021). Connectedness to Nature and Pro-Environmental Behaviour from Early Adolescence to Adulthood: A Comparison of Urban and Rural Canada. Sustainability, 13, 3655.

Krettenauer, T. & Anderson, D. (in press). Moral and character education. Routledge Encyclopedia of Education. London: Routledge.


Hamzagic, Z. I., Derksen, D. G., Matsuba, M. K., Aßfalg, A., & Bernstein, D. M. (2020). Harm to others reduces the sunk-cost effect. Memory & Cognition, 1-13.

Sengsavang, S., & Krettenauer, T. (2020). Moral development in the family. In S. Hupp, & J. Jewell (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Child and Adolescent Development. John Wiley Blackwell: New York.


Lefebvre, P. & Krettenauer, T. (2020). Is the true self truly moral? Identity intuitions across domains of social reasoning and age. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 192, 104769.

Matsuba, K., Krettenauer, T. & Pratt, M. (2020). The development of pro-environmentalism in context. In L. Arnett Jensen (Ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Moral Development (pp. 419-439). Oxford University Press.

Hardy, S. A., Krettenauer, T. & Hunt, H. (2020). Moral identity development. In L. Arnett Jensen (Ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Moral Development (pp. 128-142). Oxford University Press.

Krettenauer, T. (2020). Moral sciences and the role of education. Journal of Moral Education, 50(1), 77-91.

Krettenauer, T. (2020). Moral Identity as a goal of moral action: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Journal of Moral Education, 49, 330-345.

Krettenauer, T., Wan, W., Jia, F., & Yin, Y. (2020). Connectedness with nature and the decline of sustainable behavior in adolescence: A comparison of Canada and China. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 71, 101348.

Lefebvre, P. & Krettenauer, T. (2019). Linking moral identity with moral emotions: A meta-analysis. Review of General Psychology, 23, 444-457.

Krettenauer, T., Bauer, K., & Sengsavang, S. (2019). Fairness, prosociality, hypocrisy, and happiness: Children's and adolescents' motives for showing unselfish behavior and positive emotions. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 37, 505-518. Doi: 10.1111/bjdp.12289

Krettenauer, T. (2019). The gappiness of the "gappiness problem", Advance online publication, Human Development, doi: 10.1159/000496518.

Jia, F., Krettenauer, T., & Lihong, L. (2019). Moral identity in cultural context: Differences between Canadian and Chinese university students. Journal of Moral Education, 48, 247–262,

Krettenauer, T. (2018). Children's moral self as a precursor of moral identity development. In C. Helwig (Ed.). New Perspectives on Moral Development (pp. 73-87). New York: Psychology Press/Routledge.

Krettenauer, T., & Victor, R. (2017). Why be moral? moral identity motivation and age. Developmental Psychology.53(8), 1589-1596.


Krettenauer, T. (2017). Pro‐environmental behavior and adolescent moral development. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 27(3), 581-593. doi:

Krettenauer, T., Murua, L. A., & Jia, F. (2016). Age-related differences in moral identity across adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 52(6), 972-984. doi:10.1037/dev0000127

Hertz, S., & Krettenauer, T. (2016). Does moral identity effectively predict moral behavior?: A meta- analysis. Review of General Psychology, 20(2), 129-


Krettenauer, T. & Hertz, S. (2015). What develops in moral identities? A critical review. Human Development, 58,137-153. doi:10.1159/000433502

Sengsavang, S., Willemsen, K., & Krettenauer, T. (2015). Why be moral? Children's explicit motives for prosocial-moral action. Frontiers of Psychology, 6: 552. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00552.

Sengsavang, S., & Krettenauer, T. (2015). Children’s moral self-concept: The role of aggression and parent-child relationships. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 61, 213-235. doi:10.13110/merrpalmquar1982.61.2.0213.

Krettenauer, T. & Casey, V. (2015). Moral identity development and positive moral emotions: Differences involving authentic and hubristic pride. Identity: An International Journal of Theory and Research, 15, 173–187. doi:10.1080/15283488.2015.1023441.

Hertz, S. & Krettenauer, T. (2014). Children's utilization of emotion expectancies in moral-decision making. British Journal of Developmental Psychology.

doi: 10.1111/bjdp.12052.

Krettenauer, T., Malti, T., Colasante, T., & Buchmann, M. (2014). The development of moral emotions and decision-making from adolescence to early adulthood: A 6-year longitudinal study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 583-596. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-9994-5.



If you are interested in a general introduction into the topic of moral development, have a look at Chapter 15 of the following textbook (available upon request from


Shaffer, E., Kipp, K., Wood, E., Willoughby, T., Gottardo, A., Roberts, K., Krettenauer, T., Lee, J, & Newton, N. (2019). Developmental psychology: Infancy and childhood. Toronto: Nelson Education.

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